TypeError: generatecode() takes 0 positional arguments but 1 was given

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trying to create a program that when you hit the button(generate code) it extracts a line of data from a file and outputs into the

TypeError: generatecode() takes 0 positional arguments but 1 was given

from tkinter import *



class Window(Frame): 
   def __init__(self, master = None):
       Frame.__init__(self, master)

       self.master = master

       self.init_window()


def init_window(self):

    self.master.title("COD:WWII Codes")

    self.pack(fill=BOTH, expand=1)

    codeButton = Button(self, text = "Generate Code", command = self.generatecode)

    codeButton.place(x=0, y=0)

def generatecode(self):
    f = open("C:/Programs/codes.txt", "r")

    t.insert(1.0. f.red())


root = Tk()
root.geometry("400x300")

app = Window(root)

root.mainloop()

Answer

When you call a method on a class (such as generatecode() in this case), Python automatically passes self as the first argument to the function. So when you call self.my_func(), it’s more like calling MyClass.my_func(self).

So when Python tells you “generatecode() takes 0 positional arguments but 1 was given”, it’s telling you that your method is set up to take no arguments, but the self argument is still being passed when the method is called, so in fact it is receiving one argument.

Adding self to your method definition should resolve the problem.

def generatecode(self):
    pass  # Do stuff here

Alternatively, you can make the method static, in which case Python will not pass self as the first argument:

@staticmethod
def generatecode():
    pass  # Do stuff here


Source: stackoverflow