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Python, comparing dataframe rows, adding new column – Truth Value Error?

I am quite new to Python, and somewhat stuck here.

I just want to compare floats with a previous or forward row in a dataframe, and mark a new column accordingly. FWIW, I have 6000 rows to compare. I need to output a string or int as the result.

My Python code:

for row in df_an:

    x = df_an['mid_h'].shift(1)
    y = df_an['mid_h']

    if y > x:
        df_an['bar_type'] = 1

I get the error: ValueError: The truth value of a Series is ambiguous. Use a.empty, a.bool(), a.item(), a.any() or a.all().

The x and y variables are generated, but apparently things go wrong with the if y > x: statement.

Any advice much appreciated.

A different approach…

I managed to implement the suggested .gt operator.

df_an.loc[ &
, "bar_type"] = UP



Instead of row; you basically shifting whole row then comparing; try this once;

df_an = pd.DataFrame({"mid_h":[1,3,5,7,7,5,3]}) 

df_an['bar_type'] =

# Output

   mid_h  bar_type
0      1     False
1      3      True
2      5      True
3      7      True
4      7     False
5      5     False
6      3     False
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