Singleton array array(, dtype=object) cannot be considered a valid collection

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Not sure how to fix . Any help much appreciate. I saw thi Vectorization: Not a valid collection but not sure if i understood this

train = df1.iloc[:,[4,6]]
target =df1.iloc[:,[0]]

def train(classifier, X, y):
    X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(X, y, test_size=0.25, random_state=33)
    classifier.fit(X_train, y_train)
    print ("Accuracy: %s" % classifier.score(X_test, y_test))
    return classifier

trial1 = Pipeline([
         ('vectorizer', TfidfVectorizer()),
         ('classifier', MultinomialNB()),])

train(trial1, train, target)

error below :

    ----> 6 train(trial1, train, target)

    <ipython-input-140-ac0e8d32795e> in train(classifier, X, y)
          1 def train(classifier, X, y):
    ----> 2     X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(X, y, test_size=0.25, random_state=33)
          3 
          4     classifier.fit(X_train, y_train)
          5     print ("Accuracy: %s" % classifier.score(X_test, y_test))

    /home/manisha/anaconda3/lib/python3.5/site-packages/sklearn/model_selection/_split.py in train_test_split(*arrays, **options)
       1687         test_size = 0.25
       1688 
    -> 1689     arrays = indexable(*arrays)
       1690 
       1691     if stratify is not None:

    /home/manisha/anaconda3/lib/python3.5/site-packages/sklearn/utils/validation.py in indexable(*iterables)
        204         else:
        205             result.append(np.array(X))
    --> 206     check_consistent_length(*result)
        207     return result
        208 

    /home/manisha/anaconda3/lib/python3.5/site-packages/sklearn/utils/validation.py in check_consistent_length(*arrays)
        175     """
        176 
    --> 177     lengths = [_num_samples(X) for X in arrays if X is not None]
        178     uniques = np.unique(lengths)
        179     if len(uniques) > 1:

    /home/manisha/anaconda3/lib/python3.5/site-packages/sklearn/utils/validation.py in <listcomp>(.0)
        175     """
        176 
    --> 177     lengths = [_num_samples(X) for X in arrays if X is not None]
        178     uniques = np.unique(lengths)
        179     if len(uniques) > 1:

    /home/manisha/anaconda3/lib/python3.5/site-packages/sklearn/utils/validation.py in _num_samples(x)
        124         if len(x.shape) == 0:
        125             raise TypeError("Singleton array %r cannot be considered"
    --> 126                             " a valid collection." % x)
        127         return x.shape[0]
        128     else:

    TypeError: Singleton array array(<function train at 0x7f3a311320d0>, dtype=object) cannot be considered a valid collection.

 ____

Not sure how to fix . Any help much appreciate. I saw thi Vectorization: Not a valid collection but not sure if i understood this

Answer

This error arises because your function train masks your variable train, and hence it is passed to itself.

Explanation:

You define a variable train like this:

train = df1.iloc[:,[4,6]]

Then after some lines, you define a method train like this:

def train(classifier, X, y):

So what actually happens is, your previous version of train is updated with new version. That means that the train now does not point to the Dataframe object as you wanted, but points to the function you defined. In the error it is cleared.

array(<function train at 0x7f3a311320d0>, dtype=object)

See the function train inside the error statement.

Solution:

Rename one of them (the variable or the method). Suggestion: Rename the function to some other name like training or training_func or something like that.



Source: stackoverflow