selecting attribute values from lxml

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I want to use an xpath expression to get the value of an attribute.

I expected the following to work

from lxml import etree

for customer in etree.parse('file.xml').getroot().findall('BOB'):
    print customer.find('./@NAME')

but this gives an error :

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "bob.py", line 22, in <module>
    print customer.find('./@ID')
  File "lxml.etree.pyx", line 1409, in lxml.etree._Element.find (src/lxml/lxml.etree.c:39972)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/lxml/_elementpath.py", line 272, in find
    it = iterfind(elem, path, namespaces)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/lxml/_elementpath.py", line 262, in iterfind
    selector = _build_path_iterator(path, namespaces)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/lxml/_elementpath.py", line 246, in _build_path_iterator
    selector.append(ops[token[0]](_next, token))
KeyError: '@'

Am I wrong to expect this to work?

Answer

find and findall only implement a subset of XPath. Their presence is meant to provide compatibility with other ElementTree implementations (like ElementTree and cElementTree).

The xpath method, in contrast, provides full access to XPath 1.0:

print customer.xpath('./@NAME')[0]

However, you could instead use get:

print customer.get('NAME')

or attrib:

print customer.attrib['NAME']


Source: stackoverflow