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Remove element in list with bool flag with List Comprehension

Wondering if there would be a neat way to use List Comprehension to accomplish removing an element from a list based on a bool.


test_list = [
apple = True
    if apple:


expected output

['orange', 'grape', 'lemon']

I know I could so something like:

test_list = [x for x in test_list if "apple" not in x]

But wondering if I could use a bool flag to do this instead of a string as I only want to to run if the bool is True.



test_list = [x for x in test_list if not (apple and x == "apple")]


>>> apple = True
>>> [x for x in test_list if not (apple and x == "apple")]
['orange', 'grape', 'lemon']

>>> apple = False
>>> [x for x in test_list if not (apple and x == "apple")]
['apple', 'orange', 'grape', 'lemon']

Note: Going by the initial example, removing one element from a list depending on a flag, I would stick to that example, which is very clear what it does:

if apple:

My list comprehension condition takes more effort to understand. Clarity beats conciseness and (premature) optimisation. There is no good reason with your example to use a list comprehension.

Also: my list comprehension is not precisely equivalent as the if - .remove(...) part, as pointed out by Edward Peters. The list comprehension will remove all elements that are "apple" (if apple is True), while the if - .remove() variant will only remove the first occurrence of "apple", and leave any remaining "apple" elements in the list.

Should you desire the first behaviour, I’d be inclined to use:

if apple:
    test_list = [item for item in test_list if item != "apple"]

which is still much clearer than the list comprehension with the double condition, while still using the practicality of a list comprehension to filter a list.

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