How to get PID by process name?

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Is there any way I can get the PID by process name in Python?

  PID USER      PR  NI  VIRT  RES  SHR S  %CPU %MEM    TIME+  COMMAND                                                                                        
 3110 meysam    20   0  971m 286m  63m S  14.0  7.9  14:24.50 chrome 

For example I need to get 3110 by chrome.

Answer

You can get the pid of processes by name using pidof through subprocess.check_output:

from subprocess import check_output
def get_pid(name):
    return check_output(["pidof",name])


In [5]: get_pid("java")
Out[5]: '23366n'

check_output(["pidof",name]) will run the command as "pidof process_name", If the return code was non-zero it raises a CalledProcessError.

To handle multiple entries and cast to ints:

from subprocess import check_output
def get_pid(name):
    return map(int,check_output(["pidof",name]).split())

In [21]: get_pid(“chrome”)

Out[21]: 
[27698, 27678, 27665, 27649, 27540, 27530, 27517, 14884, 14719, 13849, 13708, 7713, 7310, 7291, 7217, 7208, 7204, 7189, 7180, 7175, 7166, 7151, 7138, 7127, 7117, 7114, 7107, 7095, 7091, 7087, 7083, 7073, 7065, 7056, 7048, 7028, 7011, 6997]

Or pas the -s flag to get a single pid:

def get_pid(name):
    return int(check_output(["pidof","-s",name]))

In [25]: get_pid("chrome")
Out[25]: 27698


Source: stackoverflow