How do I remove duplicates from a list, while preserving order? Using a set to remove duplicates destroys the original order. Is there a built-in or a Pythonic idiom?
Here you have some alternatives: http://www.peterbe.com/plog/uniqifiers-benchmark
def f7(seq): seen = set() seen_add = seen.add return [x for x in seq if not (x in seen or seen_add(x))]
seen_add instead of just calling
seen.add? Python is a dynamic language, and resolving
seen.add each iteration is more costly than resolving a local variable.
seen.add could have changed between iterations, and the runtime isn’t smart enough to rule that out. To play it safe, it has to check the object each time.
If you plan on using this function a lot on the same dataset, perhaps you would be better off with an ordered set: http://code.activestate.com/recipes/528878/
O(1) insertion, deletion and member-check per operation.
(Small additional note:
seen.add() always returns
None, so the
or above is there only as a way to attempt a set update, and not as an integral part of the logical test.)