I have a list of strings coming from
os.listdir() that looks like the following:
['foo', 'bar' 'backup_20180406' ...]
out of those entries, I wanna get the ones that match the “backup_YYYYMMDD” pattern. The regex for that, with named groups, would be
regex = r"BACKUP_(?P<date>d+)"
I am trying to create a list that contains the date only from the above (aka the
.group('date')), but I cannot find a way to do it without parsing the strings twice..
res = [re.search(regex, x).group('date') for x in filter(r.match, os.listdir(folder))]
I am sure that I am missing something really obvious and concise here, so is there a better way?
I usually do:
regex = re.compile(r"BACKUP_(?P<date>d+)") a = ['foo', "BACKUP_20180406", 'xxx'] matches = [regex.match(x) for x in a] valid = [x.group('date') for x in matches if x]
valid = [x.group('date') for x in (regex.match(y) for y in a) if x]
Also notice that
regex.match is much faster than
regex.search when applicable – i.e. when you search from the beginning of the line.